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However, George III did not recognize the Convention of the Elbe.This resulted in a great number of soldiers from Hanover eventually emigrating to Great Britain, where the King's German Legion was formed.In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover.The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692, and this elevation was confirmed by the Imperial Diet in 1708.It was only troops from Hanover and Brunswick that consistently opposed France throughout the entire Napoleonic wars.
At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Electorate was enlarged to become a Kingdom with Hanover as its capital.
The first of these was George I Louis, who acceded to the British throne in 1714.
The last British monarch who ruled in Hanover was William IV.
In 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended because William IV's heir in the United Kingdom was female (Queen Victoria). Thus, Hanover passed to William IV's brother, Ernest Augustus, and remained a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia during the Austro-Prussian war.
Despite Hanover being expected to defeat Prussia at the Battle of Langensalza, Prussia employed Moltke the Elder's Kesselschlacht order of battle to instead destroy the Hanoverian army.